Motion in cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase (catalytic domain) [pka]

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Classification Known Domain Motion, Hinge Mechanism [D-h-2]

Structures
1APM Another structure [ PartsList ]
1ATP With peptide inhibitorClosed Ternary complex [ PartsList ]
1CTP Open [ PartsList ]
1CMK [ PartsList ]
1CDK [ PartsList ]

Description
1st set of hinges, involving 3 interdomain linkages, produces 12 degree rotation of domain cores (with ~3 Angstrom shift). 2nd set of hinges produces further 6 degree rotation of a loop. 1 shearing interface between domains. Structures of 2 conformations have been solved but only 1 has been deposited in the Protein Data Bank. The catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase has an elaborate multi-part hinged motion, which involves at least five distinct hinges, split into the two sets. Containing two domains, one large and one small, the structure of the catalytic subunit has been solved in binary and ternary complexes with an inhibitory peptide and in an apo form. In comparing the apo and either complex form, the core of the small domain rotates ~12 degrees relative to that of the large one. The small domain is principally connected to the large domain through three roughly parallel peptide linkages, which deform as hinges upon closure. In addition, through the deformation of two more hinges a loop in the small domain near the binding pocket rotates a further 6 degrees down into the interdomain cleft. Partly because of the size of the interdomain cleft, which has to accommodate a 15 residue peptide, the protein kinase motion does not involve an extensive interdomain interface. There is, however, one helix in the small domain which moves in a shear fashion to maintain its contacts with the large domain throughout the motion.

Particular values describing motion
Creation Date = 19970822
Modification Date = 19970822
Maximum Rotation (degrees) = 14 (total value)
Maximum Translation (A) = 0.7 (total value)
Experimental Methods = x (Traditional x-ray)

References
R Karlsson, J H Zheng, N H Xuong, S S Taylor and J M Sowadski (1993). Structure of the mammalian catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase and an inhibitor peptide displays an open conformation. Acta Cryst D. 49: 381-388. [Medline info for 89125622]
Zheng J; Knighton DR; Xuong NH; Taylor SS; Sowadski JM; Ten Eyck LF. Crystal structures of the myristylated catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase reveal open and closed conformations. Protein Science, 1993 Oct, 2(10):1559-73. [Medline info for 94073072]

Data and Graphics
Graphic-2 Same as the first graphic but from a different direction.
Graphic-3 Closeup of small domain.
Graphic-1 Overall motion can be broken into two motions (red lines and dotted red line).

GO terms associated with structures
Molecular functioncAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor activity, protein kinase activity, protein serine/threonine kinase activity, ATP binding
Biological processnegative regulation of protein kinase activity, protein amino acid phosphorylation

Morphs

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Best representative
Morph Morph name Structure #1 Structure #2 Residues
protein kinase A 1jlu [ E ] 1cmk [ E ] 350

User-submitted morphs
Morph Morph name Structure #1 Structure #2 Residues
54350-18220 cAMP-dependent protein kinase upload [ ] 1atp [ ] 350
15237-5788 PKA 1bkx [ ] 1cmk [ ] 350
29963-2553 PKA 1cmk [ ] 1bkx [ ] 347
65545-8795 PKA 1atp [ ] 1cmk [ ] 350
979853-23773 PKA 1jlu [ E ] 1ctp [ E ] 350
689826-1344 PKA 1cmk [ E ] 1stc [ E ] 347
923114-17068 pka 1stc [ E ] 1q24 [ A ] 348
940555-12399 pka catalytic domain upload [ E ] upload [ E ] 350
258448-8732 PKA_AzuB upload [ A ] upload [ B ] 320
259172-10471 PKA_CzuJ upload [ B ] upload [ A ] 329
258523-8764 PKA_JzuB upload [ A ] upload [ B ] 320
022512-15438 Protein Kinase A upload [ E ] upload [ A ] 347


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Copyright 1995-2005 M. Gerstein, W. Krebs, S. Flores, N. Echols, and others
Email: Mark.Gerstein _at_ yale.edu